Anxiety disorder is a group of mental illnesses, which is caused by physical, biological or psychological factors.
Anxiety disorders are common in people of all ages. Anxiety is a normal human emotion that everyone experiences at times. Anxiety is also a part of normal life and it is beneficial under certain circumstances. It enhances alertness and makes the body to get ready for actions. If a person has to face with unfamiliar challenges, then he/she is spurred by anxiety to get ready for upcoming event. Once you understand your anxiety disorder, there are steps you can take to reduce your symptoms and regain control of your life.
What is anxiety?
When you are anxious you feel fearful and tense. In addition you may also have one or more unpleasant physical symptoms. These may be: a fast heart rate, palpitations, feeling sick, shaking (tremor), sweating, dry mouth, chest pain, headaches, fast breathing. The physical symptoms are partly caused by the brain which sends lots of messages down nerves to various parts of the body when we are anxious. The nerve messages tend to make the heart, lungs and other parts of the body work faster. In addition, you release stress hormones (such as adrenaline) into the bloodstream when you are anxious. These can also act on the heart, muscles and other parts of the body to cause symptoms.
What Causes Anxiety?
Anxiety disorders may be caused by environmental factors, medical factors, genetics, brain chemistry, substance abuse, or a combination of these. It is most commonly triggered by the stress in our lives. Usually anxiety is a response to outside forces, but it is possible that we make ourselves anxious with “negative self-talk” – a habit of always telling ourselves the worst will happen.
Anxiety disorder in children may be because of highly perfectionist or overly critical parents. If children are not appreciated any way, then they might react with anxious behavior. Insomnia and stress can be possible causes of anxiety disorder. Witnessing a major accident or violent attack also can be a cause of anxiety disorder. Distressing thoughts, nightmares and emotional numbness are major symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder.
There are certainly some very serious causes of anxiety disorders. But simple life stress is easily one of the most common reasons that people develop anxiety. Stress especially long term stress, like one would experience in a job they disliked or in a relationship that was emotionally damaging appears to create anxiety disorders.
Some environmental factors are likely to responsible for developing anxiety disorder. They include trauma and stressful events, divorce, death of beloved one and change in school or job.
Anxiety disorder may be hereditary, that means children of highly sensitive parents are more anxious. Chemical imbalances in brain, fight or flight response are also among possible causes of anxiety disorder. Some medical conditions such as hypoglycemia can lead to anxiety. Anxious people may show strong reactions to aspartame, amphetamines, caffeine and other stimulants.
Change can actually lead to anxiety disorders as well. Some people adapt to change quickly, but many others do not. This includes smaller changes, like a new job or a new home, or larger changes, like the loss of a loved one, a divorce, or a significant move. Change puts people in an emotional place that feels unfamiliar, and that unfamiliarity can lead to significant stress and ultimately the creation of an anxiety disorder.
According to researches, personality plays a major role in developing anxiety disorder. People having poor coping skills and low self-esteem are more prone to anxiety disorder. Constantly negative thinking can also give rise to anxiety disorder symptoms.