Irregular sleeping behaviour of children is one of the most common concerns faced by parents these days. There are several types of sleep disorders in children:
Sleep is crucial for a children healthy well-being. Sleeping problems can have an affect on the children behavior, mental and physical health insurance and other family members. Although there are situations when your child simply isn’t ready to go sleep, if the issue is persistent, it may be because of sleeping disorder. There are several types of sleep disorders in children that could be interfering with the child’s capacity to sleep soundly during the night time.
Some common sleep disorder symptoms to look for in children are:
- Snoring/breathing difficulties while sleeping
- Bedtime refusal
- Sleep terrors, night mares or nighttime fears
- Unusual sleep behaviors
- Excessive daytime sleepiness
- Difficulty falling or remaining asleep
Sleep disorders in children can lead to behavior problems, mood disturbances and academic problems. A pediatric neurologist evaluates children suspected of suffering from sleep dysfunction. If indicated, following an outpatient evaluation, patients are referred for an overnight sleep study.
Causes Of Sleeping Problems in Children:
Disordered sleep behaviour is described as abnormality and irregularity occurrence in sleeping. Here are some reasons that may cause sleeping disorders in children:
- Sleep disturbance in infants may arise due to feeding intolerance, colic pain, stomach ache and irritability.
Older kids may have disturbed sleep due to a behaviour pattern that they learn, like for example crying to signal their needs.
- Some sleep disorders can be harmful or may occur due to medical reasons. A few examples include sleep disorders caused be airway abnormalities, enlarged adenoids, or breathing difficulties caused by gastroesophageal reflux.
- Sleep disorder can be diagnosed by undergoing the overnight test called polysomnography.
Effects of Sleeping Disorders:
Sleeping disorder hampers the sleeping pattern of the kid and thus has ill effects on the mental and physical health of the child. It leads to mood swings, behaviour problems, lack of concentration, fatigue, weakened memory and reflexes, learning and performance problems and can also lead to accidents and injuries.
Treating Sleep Disorders:
Different types of sleep disorders call for different treatments.
Bedwetting – Bedwetting at night is one of the most common sleep disorders in children. Family history, maturation of the child, functional bladder capacity, and physical and emotional problems are areas that need to be examined before treatment can be initiated.
Snoring/Sleep Apnea – This is a potentially life-threatening disorder in which children have a blockage in their upper airway during sleep. Many times this can be treated with removal of the tonsils and adenoids in the throat.
Sleep Terrors – Sleep terrors are common in children from 4 through 12 years old. Such events usually begin in the first third of the night, with the child bolting upright with a “blood curdling” scream. Children rarely remember the episode the next morning.
Sleep-onset anxiety – Sleep-onset anxiety refers to difficulty falling asleep because of excessive fears or worries. The problem may be caused by stressful events or trauma or because of ruminating on more commonplace issues of the day. This type of sleep problem is most common among older elementary school children. Intervention strategies include reassurance, calming bedtime routines, and, in some cases, cognitive-behavioral therapy, which is designed to help children develop effective coping strategies to address their worries.
Nightmares – This is most common in children between the ages of 3 and 6 years, and usually occurs in the night. Nightmares usually go away after the age of 6.